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Title: The influence of lathe check depth and orientation on the bond quality of phenol-formaldehyde-bonded birch plywood
Author: Rohumaa, Anti; Hunt, Christopher G.; Hughes, Mark; Frihart, Charles R.; Logren, Janne;
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: During the rotary peeling of veneer for plywood or the laminated veneer lumber manufacture, checks are formed in the veneer that are as deep as 70 – 80 % of the veneer thickness. The results of this study show that, during adhesive bond testing, deep lathe checks in birch (Betula pendula Roth.) veneer significantly reduce the shear strength and the percent wood failure of phenolformaldehyde (PF) – bonded plywood. The results also show that specimens tested with the checks pulled open or closed can fail by different mechanisms. Dried rotary peeled birch veneers were sanded to create uniform surfaces with lathe check depths varying from 30 % to 90 % of veneer thickness. Then, 7-ply plywood was manufactured with a commercial PF resin. After the preparation of the test specimens, the check depth of each specimen was measured microscopically. Subsequently, bond quality was measured according to EN 314. The results show that veneer checking alone can bring EN 314 specimens to the brink of failure even with an excellent adhesive. These findings stress the importance of measuring the depth of lathe checks and considering the orientations of checks during the testing to get a better understanding of bond quality in veneer-based products.
Keywords: bond quality, lathe checks, percent wood failure, plywood, share strength
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Rohumaa, Anti; Hunt, Christopher G.; Hughes, Mark; Frihart, Charles R.; Logren, Janne 2013. The influence of lathe check depth and orientation on the bond quality of phenol-formaldehyde-bonded birch plywood. Holzforschung, PREPUB
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