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Title: Autumnal photosynthesis in short-rotation intensively cultured Populus clones
Author: Nelson, N.D.; Dickmann, D.I.; Gottschalk, K.W.;
Source: Photosynthetica. 16(3): 321-333.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: Many exotic hybrid Populus clones grown under short-rotation intensive culture (SRIC) in the Lake States region of the U.S.A. retain green leaves in the autumn for 2-6 weeks after native aspen (P. tremuloides and P. grandidentata) have lost their leaves. Leaves on the terminal shoots of five such clones tested in southern Michigan and northern Wisconsin had substantial leaf conductances to C02 and photosynthetic rates (PG) during this late-season period of leaf retention. PG was high enough to suggest that autumn retention of green leaves may be an important factor contributing to the rapid growth of poplars under SRIC in this cold northern temperate area. Leaf conductances and PG declined gradually before the first hard frosts of the autumn in the northern Wisconsin experiment, indicating normal autumn leaf aging and senescence, but did not change appreciably in the southern Michigan experiment until the first hard frosts. The first hard frosts reduced PG and leaf conductance in most of the clones, dramatically in the northern Wisconsin experiment. Leaf conductances and PG in two of the clones in the southern Michigan experiment were reduced only moderately by the first hard frosts. Leaf conductance and PG exhibited generally parallel seasonal trends in both experiments.
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Nelson, N.D.; Dickmann, D.I.; Gottschalk, K.W. 1982. Autumnal photosynthesis in short-rotation intensively cultured Populus clones. Photosynthetica. 16(3): 321-333.
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