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Publication Information

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Title: An analysis of normative messages in signs at recreation settings

Author: Winter, P.L.; Cialdini, R.B.; Bator, R.J.; Rhoads, K.; Sagarin, B.J.;

Date: 1998

Source: Journal of Interpretation Research 3(1): 39-47

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The reliance on signs as a mode of agency communication with visitors requires an examination of message presentation and content in order to evaluate message impact and effectiveness. This paper reports on a system¬atic evaluation of signs and messages at 42 recreation areas in California and Arizona. A number of factors, including type of site, managing agency, density of message locales, sign attributes, and message content, were ex¬amined. Messages addressing depreciative activities, and how those mes¬sages were framed, were of particular interest. The vast majority of messages presented behavioral commands (injunctive norms) and were negatively worded (proscriptive). This striking imbalance points to concerns in visitor information and education, allowing room for adjustments based on social-psychological principles of communication.

Keywords: normative messages, signs, recreation settings, persuasion

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Winter, P.L.; Cialdini, R.B.; Bator, R.J.; Rhoads, K.; Sagarin, B.J. 1998. An analysis of normative messages in signs at recreation settings. Journal of Interpretation Research 3(1): 39-47.

 


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