Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.6 MB)

Title: Ultra-urban baseflow and stormflow concentrations and fluxes in a watershed undergoing restoration (WS263)

Author: Belt, Kenneth T.; Stack, William P.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Burgess, Kimberly; Groffman, Peter M.; Frost, William M.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Hager, Guy.;

Date: 2014

Source: In: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Stormwater 2012. 2012(5): 262-276.

Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)

Description: We discuss the results of sampling baseflow and stormwater runoff in Watershed 263, an ultra-urban catchment in west Baltimore City that is undergoing restoration aimed at both improving water quality as well as the quality of life in its neighborhoods. We focus on urban hydrology and describe the high baseflow and stormwater nutrient, metal, bacterial and other pollutant concentrations and loads seen in two 15 ha headwater storm drain catchments within WS263 that were sampled from 2004 to 2010.

These data revealed several potentially important implications for watershed restoration efforts. First, the underground, or "buried stream" baseflow loads can be substantial, even relative to the surface urban runoff loads in highly impervious urban catchments. Second, the large pollutant load exports from these residential catchments suggest that older, highly urban landscapes may be important hotspots, as these small headwater catchments are numerous in the urban landscape. Third, the complex nature of the pollutant export patterns at the Baltimore and Lanvale catchments, both spatially and temporally, suggest that there may be complex drivers involved. Since this complexity may involve one or more systems of urban water networks, conceptualization in terms of the Urban Watershed Continuum (Kaushal and Belt, 2012) may be a useful tool to use both in their characterization and in designing interventions. Lastly, if these small headwater catchments truly represent a larger typology in terms of being hotspots, the characterization and mapping of older ultra-urban catchments may well be worthwhile given the large numbers of potential analogues in the urban landscape and the likely increasing role of aging infrastructure in creating more and larger "unseen" pollutant loads.

Keywords: Urban runoff, buried streams, stormwater management, ultra urban landscapes, leaking water and sewer pipes, micro-BMPs, urban and community forestry

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, shobrla@fs.fed.us if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Belt, Kenneth T.; Stack, William P.; Pouyat, Richard V.; Burgess, Kimberly; Groffman, Peter M.; Frost, William M.; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Hager, Guy. 2012. Ultra-urban baseflow and stormflow concentrations and fluxes in a watershed undergoing restoration (WS263). In: Proceedings of the Water Environment Federation, Stormwater 2012. 2012(5): 262-276.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.