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Title: Genecology and seed zones for tapertip onion in the US Great Basin

Author: Johnson, R. C.; Hellier, Barbara C.; Vance-Borland, Ken W.;

Date: 2013

Source: Botany. 91(10): 686-694.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The choice of germplasm is critical for sustainable restoration, yet seed transfer guidelines are lacking for all but a few herbaceous species. Seed transfer zones based on genetic variability and climate were developed using tapertip onion (Allium acuminatum Hook.) collected in the Great Basin and surrounding areas in the United States. Bulbs from 53 locations were established at two common garden sites and morphological (such as leaf and scape dimensions), phenological (such as bolting date and flowering), and production traits (such as emergence and seeds per plant) were measured. Differences among source locations for plant traits within both common gardens were strong (P < 0.001), indicating genetic variation. Principal component 1 (PC 1) for phenological traits, with R2 = 0.59, and PC 1 for production traits, with R2 = 0.65, were consistently correlated with annual, maximum, minimum, and average temperature, annual precipitation, and frost-free days at source locations (P < 0.05). Regression of PC 1 phenology and PC 1 production scores with source location climates resulted in models with R2 values of 0.73 and 0.52, respectively. Using a geographic information system, maps of these models were overlaid to develop proposed seed zones to guide the choice of germplasm for conservation and restoration of tapertip onion across the collection region.

Keywords: Allium acuminatum, genecology, genetic resources, restoration

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Johnson, R. C.; Hellier, Barbara C.; Vance-Borland, Ken W. 2013. Genecology and seed zones for tapertip onion in the US Great Basin. Botany. 91(10): 686-694.

 


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