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Picture of Scientists Quantify How Much Light Seagrasses Require to Survive
SRS-2014-130
Scientists Quantify How Much Light Seagrasses Require to Survive

Title: Light requirements of seagrasses determined from historical records of light attenuation along the Gulf coast of peninsular Florida

Author: Choice, Zanethia D.; Frazer, Thomas K.; Jacoby, Charles A.;

Date: 2014

Source: Marine Pollution Bulletin 81: 94-102.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Seagrasses around the world are threatened by human activities that degrade water quality and reduce light availability. In this study, light requirements were determined for four common and abundant seagrasses along the Gulf coast of peninsular Florida using a threshold detecting algorithm. Light requirements ranged from 8% to 10% of surface irradiance for Halophila engelmannii to 25–27% of surface irradiance for Halodule wrightii. Requirements for all species differed from previous reports generated at other locations. Variations were attributed to morphological and physiological differences, as well as adaptation to light histories at specific locations. In addition, seagrasses were absent from stations with significantly higher concentrations of total nitrogen, total phosphorus, chlorophyll a and color. These results confirm the need to address links between increased anthropogenic nutrient loads, eutrophication, reduced light penetration, and loss of seagrasses and the services they provide.

Keywords: Thalassia testudinum Halodule wrightii Syringodium filiforme Halophila engelmannii Water quality Florida Gulf coast

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Citation:


Choice, Zanethia D.; Frazer, Thomas K.; Jacoby, Charles A. 2014. Light requirements of seagrasses determined from historical records of light attenuation along the Gulf coast of peninsular Florida. Marine Pollution Bulletin 81: 94-102.

 


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