Title: Community-based memorials to September 11, 2001: environmental stewardship as memory work
Author: Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K.;
Source: In: Tidball, Keith G.; Krasny, Marianne E., eds. Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, resilience and community greening. New York, NY: Springer Dordrecht: 339-355. Chapter 25.
Publication Series: Book Chapter
Description: This chapter investigates how people use trees, parks, gardens, and other natural resources as raw materials in and settings for memorials to September 11, 2001. In particular, we focus on 'found space living memorials', which we define as sites that are community-managed, re-appropriated from their prior use, often carved out of the public right-of-way, and sometimes for temporary use. These memorials are created as part of traditional mourning rituals and acts of remembrance, but are not limited to formally consecrated sites or the site of the tragedy. They are dispersed throughout the city in everyday and highly public landscapes such as traffic islands, sidewalks, waterfronts, and front yards, demonstrating how ordinary spaces can become sacred. We present several forms of found space community-based living memorials in and around New York City: shrines, viewshed parks, gardens in the public right-of-way, and tree plantings. These cases provide evidence that community-managed memorials are self-organizing, democratic processes which develop independently of state-led memorial initiatives.
Keywords: Living memorial, Community-managed space, September 11, 2001, Social meaning, Stewardship, Greening
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
- Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, firstname.lastname@example.org if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.
XML: View XML
Svendsen, Erika S.; Campbell, Lindsay K. 2014. Community-based memorials to September 11, 2001: environmental stewardship as memory work. In: Tidball, Keith G.; Krasny, Marianne E., eds. Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, resilience and community greening. New York, NY: Springer Dordrecht: 339-355. Chapter 25.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility