Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.5 MB)

Title: Invasions by two non-native insects alter regional forest species composition and successional trajectories

Author: Morin, Randall S.; Liebhold, Andrew M.;

Date: 2015

Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 341: 67-74.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: While invasions of individual non-native phytophagous insect species are known to affect growth and mortality of host trees, little is known about how multiple invasions combine to alter forest dynamics over large regions. In this study we integrate geographical data describing historical invasion spread of the hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae, and beech scale, Cryptococcus fagisuga, with regional forest inventory data collected by the US Forest Service's Forest Inventory and Analysis program to quantify the individual and combined impacts of these pest species. This analysis indicates that regional impacts of these insects on their hosts occur surprisingly slow but act to change regional forest succession pathways. Because beech and hemlock commonly co-occur in eastern North American forests, invasions by the two pest species are altering the current and future composition of large forest regions through their impacts on these two late-successional species. Such results demonstrate how forest insect invasions can profoundly modify forest dynamic processes, resulting in long-term changes in forest ecosystems.

Keywords: Adelges tsugae, Eastern hemlock, Tsuga Canadensis, Beech bark disease, Fagus grandifolia, Growth and mortality rates

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.



Morin, Randall S.; Liebhold, Andrew M. 2015. Invasions by two non-native insects alter regional forest species composition and successional trajectories. Forest Ecology and Management. 341: 67-74.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.