Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (180 KB)

Title: Residual timber values within Piedmont streamside management zones of different widths and harvest levels

Author: Lakel, William A. III; Aust, Wallace M.; Dolloff, C. Andrew; Keyser, Patrick D.;

Date: 2015

Source: Forest Science

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Forested streamside management zones (SMZs) provide numerous societal benefits including protection of water quality and enhancement of in-stream and riparian habitats. However, values of residual timber in SMZs are often ignored, yet maintenance of unnecessarily wide SMZs can potentially reduce merchantable timber. Therefore, forestland owners, managers, and logging contractors are interested in determining minimum SMZ widths and stocking levels that can effectively maintain water quality while minimizing residual SMZ stand values. A larger SMZ efficacy study evaluated the efficacy of 7.6-m SMZs with no thinning, 15.2-m SMZs with no thinning, 15.2-m SMZs with thinning, and 30.2-m SMZs without thinning within 16 operational clearcuts. All SMZs widths provided effective sediment control (Lakel et al. 2010). The substudy presented here evaluated residual values in the SMZs of the larger study. Analyses examined immediate values associated with foregoing removal of SMZ timber and provide insight into future SMZ management issues. Across 16 harvested tracts, SMZs accounted for approximately 12% of the total harvest area with an average SMZ residual timber value of $1,064.78/ha. This study supports the financial benefits of partial harvests within the SMZs that remove higher value trees as typically recommended or permitted by best management practice guidelines. However, partial harvests may promote less valuable shade-tolerant species. Results also indicated that almost one-half of the SMZs had notable wind and/or ice damage within 2 years of installation. Financial analysis including opportunities for a tax credit indicate that longer term management of SMZs may be financially feasible if valuable products continue to be thinned from these stands along with rotational harvesting of the adjacent upland stands. Overall, results indicate that society and landowner short-term goals for typical southern Piedmont sites can generally be achieved by leaving 15.2-m SMZs and thinning the stands where practical.

Keywords: best management practices, riparian forests, streamside management zone costs

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Lakel, William A., III; Aust, Wallace, M.; Dolloff, C. Andrew; Keyser, Patrick D. 2015. Residual timber values within Piedmont streamside management zones of different widths and harvest levels. Forest Science. 60


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.