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Publication Information

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Title: Natural regeneration of yellow birch in the Lake States

Author: Tubbs, Carl H.;

Date: 1969

Source: In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. 1969. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 74-78.

Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: Yellow birch has been a difficult species to regenerate in the Lake States. This is partly because, although yellow birch is a member of the climax, it displays few of the attributes of a climax species (such as ability to grow in shade, and ability to seed on undisturbed forest floor). Though yellow birch functions as a pioneer species after stand disturbance, techniques ordinarily used to regenerate pioneer species are not usually successful. Results with group selection have been the most consistent, but this system is difficult to apply.

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Citation:


Tubbs, Carl H. 1969. Natural regeneration of yellow birch in the Lake States. In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. 1969. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 74-78.

 


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