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Title: Management of birch for wildlife habitat
Author: Shaw, Samuel P.;
Source: In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. 1969. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 181-183.
Publication Series: Paper (invited, offered, keynote)
Description: The list of wildlife species known to prefer paper birch and yellow birch as food ls a long one. To mention a few: beavers and porcupines chew on the bark and wood; sapsuckers feed on the sap; other songbirdsnotably the redpoll, pine siskin, and chikadeerelish the seeds; ruffed grouse eat the catkins, buds, and seeds (in northern Maine and Canada this bird is often called the "birch partridge"); and snowshoe hare, moose, and whitetail deer browse on the twigs. At least 24 different kinds of animals are known to feed on birches.
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Shaw, Samuel P. 1969. Management of birch for wildlife habitat. In: Doolittle, W.T.; Bruns, P.E., comps. 1969. Birch symposium proceedings; 1969 August 19-21; Durham, NH. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 181-183.
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