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Title: Particulate and trace gas emissions from prescribed burns in southeastern U.S. fuel types: Summary of a 5-year project

Author: Weise, David R.; Johnson, Timothy J.; Reardon, James;

Date: 2015

Source: Fire Safety Journal. 74: 71-81

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Management of smoke from prescribed fires requires knowledge of fuel quantity and the amount and composition of the smoke produced by the fire to minimize adverse impacts on human health. A five-year study produced new emissions information for more than 100 trace gases and particulate matter in smoke for fuel types found in the southern United States of America using state-of-the-art instrumentation in both laboratory and field experiments. Emission factors for flaming, smoldering, and residual smoldering were developed. Agreement between laboratory and field-derived emission factors was generally good in most cases. Reference spectra of over 50 wildland fire gas-phase smoke components were added to a publicly-available database to support identification via infrared spectroscopy. Fuel loading for the field experiments was similar to previously measured fuels. This article summarizes the results of a five-year study to better understand the composition of smoke during all phases of burning for such forests.

Keywords: smoke, Pinus palustris, pocosin, spectroscopy, wildland fire

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Weise, David R.; Johnson, Timothy J.; Reardon, James 2015. Particulate and trace gas emissions from prescribed burns in southeastern U.S. fuel types: Summary of a 5-year project. Fire Safety Journal. 74: 71-81.

 


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