Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (728 KB)

Title: Enhanced thermal stability of biomedical thermoplastic polyurethane with the addition of cellulose nanocrystals

Author: Liu, Jen-Chieh; Martin, Darren J.; Moon, Robert J.; Youngblood, Jeffrey P.;

Date: 2015

Source: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Volume 132, Number 22, 2015; 8 p.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Freeze-dried cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) were dispersed in the thermoplastic polyurethane [Pellethane 2363-55D (P55D)] by a solvent casting method to fabricate CNC-reinforced nanocomposites. This study demonstrated that the addition of small amounts (1–5 wt %) of CNCs to P55D increased the thermal degradation temperature while maintaining a similar stiffness, strength, and elongation of the neat P55D. CNC additions to P55D did not alter the glass-transition temperature, but the onset decomposition temperature was shifted from 286 to 327C when 1 wt % CNCs was dispersed in the matrix. The higher onset decomposition temperature was attributed to the formation of hydrogen bonds between the hydroxyl groups on the CNC surface and urethane groups in the hard block of P55D. The ultimate tensile strength and strain to failure (εf) of the nanocomposites were minimally affected by additions up to 5 wt % CNCs, whereas the elastic modulus was increased by about 70%. The observation that εf was unchanged with the addition of up to 5 wt % CNCs suggested that the flow/sliding of the hard blocks and chains were not hindered by the presence of the CNCs during plastic deformation. The ramifications of this study was that CNC additions resulted in wider processing temperatures of P55D for various biomedical devices while maintaining a similar stiffness, strength, and elongation.

Keywords: biomedical applications, cellulose and other wood products, composites, polyurethanes, thermoplastics

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Liu, Jen-Chieh; Martin, Darren J.; Moon, Robert J.; Youngblood, Jeffrey P. 2015. Enhanced thermal stability of biomedical thermoplastic polyurethane with the addition of cellulose nanocrystals. Journal of Applied Polymer Science. Volume 132, Number 22, 2015; 8 p.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.