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Publication Information

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Title: Questions That Won't Go Away in Participatory Research

Author: Long, Jonathan W.; Ballard, Heidi L.; Fisher, Larry A.; Belsky, Jill M.;

Date: 2016

Source: Society & Natural Resources. 29(2): 250-263

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Ethical issues are intrinsic to conducting research regarding society and natural resources, but they often become poignant when engaging in Participatory Action Research. We compiled common and persistent challenges into a list of "Questions That Won't Go Away" or "QTWGAs" that are relevant to people interested in conducting participatory research to benefit communities. We discuss these questions in the context of previously published literature and share examples from the experience of graduate student Fellows who conducted research with various communities around the United States. The questions serve to stimulate ongoing reflection about the process of participatory research, which may help reconcile expectations and improve research outcomes for both practitioners and communities.

Keywords: community-based research, North America, participatory research, research ethics

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Long, Jonathan W.; Ballard, Heidi L.; Fisher, Larry A.; Belsky, Jill M. 2016. Questions that won't go away in participatory research. Society & Natural Resources. 29(2): 250-263.


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