Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.4 MB)

Title: Carbon stocks of mangroves within the Zambezi River Delta, Mozambique

Author: Stringer, Christina E.; Trettin, Carl C.; Zarnoch, Stanley J.; Tang, Wenwu;

Date: 2015

Source: Forest Ecology and Management 354 (2015) 139-148

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Mangroves are well-known for their numerous ecosystem services, including storing a globally significant C pool. There is increasing interest in the inclusion of mangroves in national climate change mitigation and adaptation plans in developing nations as they become involved with incentive programs for climate change mitigation. The quality and precision of data required by these programs necessitates the use of an inventory approach that allows for quantification, rather than general characterization, of C stocks. In this study, we quantified the ecosystem C stock of the Zambezi River Delta mangroves utilizing a rigorous, yet operationally feasible approach. We applied a stratified random sampling inventory design, based on five forest canopy height classes, derived from Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite/Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (ICE Sat/GLAS) and the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) data, and a Spatial Decision Support System to allocate inventory plots. Carbon content in above- and below-ground biomass pools in addition to soils to a depth of 200 cm was measured. The average biomass C density for the height classes ranged from 99.2 Mg C ha-1 to 341.3 Mg C ha-1. Soil C density was the largest measured C pool, containing 274.6 Mg C ha-1 to 314.1 Mg C ha-1 and accounting for 45–73% of the height class ecosystem C densities, which ranged from 373.8 Mg C ha-1 to 620.8 Mg C ha-1. The ecosystem C density estimates for the five strata were weighted based on their spatial distribution across the landscape to yield a total C stock for the Zambezi River Delta mangroves of 1.4 X107 Mg C. The error bounds from the 95% confidence interval are ±6% of our ecosystem C stock estimate, well within acceptable levels of uncertainty.

Keywords: Blue carbon, Carbon inventory, East Africa, Forested wetland

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Stringer, Christina E.; Trettin, Carl C.; Zarnoch, Stanley J.; Tang, Wenwu 2015. Carbon stocks of mangroves within the Zambezi River Delta, Mozambique. Forest Ecology and Management. 354: 139-148. 10 p. 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.06.027


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.