Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (621 KB)

Title: Examination of worldwide hardwood lumber production, trade, and apparent consumption: 1995-2013

Author: Luppold, William G.; Bumgardner, Matthew S.;

Date: 2015

Source: Wood and Fiber Science. 47(3): 283-294.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Worldwide hardwood lumber production fluctuated between 1995 and 2013 and changed considerably with respect to regional market shares. Similarly, worldwide hardwood lumber imports and exports have been constantly changing. Understanding these changes is important because collectively, they define the hardwood lumber consumption of a region or country. In 1995, North America accounted for 25% of worldwide hardwood lumber production whereas East Asia and Oceana (EAO) produced 26%. In the current century, a decline in production in the United States and increased production in China and Vietnam resulted in the EAO region accounting for more than 48% of worldwide hardwood lumber production in 2013. Much of the international trade of hardwood lumber is carried out by EAO and European countries and is intraregional among countries within these regions. Hardwood lumber consumption generally has been moderately to poorly correlated with population at the country level since 1995 and uncorrelated with gross domestic product. However, several other factors also appear to affect current consumption including loss or gain of secondary hardwood industries, age of the population, urbanization, and in recent years, slow economic growth in countries with high per capita gross national product.

Keywords: International hardwood consumption, hardwood exports, hardwood imports

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.



Luppold, William G.; Bumgardner, Matthew S. 2015. Examination of worldwide hardwood lumber production, trade, and apparent consumption: 1995-2013. Wood and Fiber Science. 47(3): 283-294.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.