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Publication Information

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Title: Mechanical and thermal properties of waterborne epoxy composites containing cellulose nanocrystals

Author: Xu, Shanhong; Girouard, Natalie; Schueneman, Gregory; Shofner, Meisha L.; Meredith, J. Carson;

Date: 2013

Source: Polymer, Volume 54, 2013; pp. 6589-6598.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) are reinforcing fillers of emerging interest for polymers due to their high modulus and potential for sustainable production. In this study, CNC-based composites with a waterborne epoxy resin matrix were prepared and characterized to determine morphology, water content, and thermal and mechanical properties. While some CNC aggregation was observed, the glass transition temperature (Tg) and modulus for the composites increased with increasing CNC content. Relative to neat epoxy, at 15 wt.% CNC the storage modulus increased by 100%, the Tg increased from 66.5 °C to 75.5 °C, and tensile strength increased from 40 MPa to 60 MPa, suggesting good adhesion between epoxy and CNC surfaces exposed to the matrix. Additionally, no additional water content resulting from CNC addition were observed. These results provide evidence that CNCs can improve thermomechanical performance of waterborne epoxy polymers and that they are promising as reinforcing fillers in structural materials and coatings.

Keywords: Nano-composite, Cellulose nanocrystal, Waterborne epoxy

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Xu, Shanhong; Girouard, Natalie; Schueneman, Gregory; Shofner, Meisha L.; Meredith, J. Carson 2013. Mechanical and thermal properties of waterborne epoxy composites containing cellulose nanocrystals. Polymer, Volume 54, 2013; pp. 6589-6598.

 


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