Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (428.0 KB bytes)

Title: Carbon fluxes, storage and harvest removals through 60 years of stand development in red pine plantations and mixed hardwood stands in Northern Michigan, USA

Author: Gahagan, Adam; Giardina, Christian P.; King, John S.; Binkley, Dan; Pregitzer, Kurt S.; Burton, Andrew J.;

Date: 2015

Source: Forest Ecology and Management. 337: 88-97

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: The storage and flow of carbon (C) into and out of forests can differ under the influence of dominant tree species because of species-based variation in C production, decomposition, retention, and harvest-based export. Following abandonment of agricultural activities in the first half of the 20th century, many landscapes of the Great Lakes region (USA) were planted to red pine (Pinus resinosa) or naturally regenerated to northern hardwood species including sugar maple (Acer saccharum), red oak (Quercus rubra) and red maple (Acer rubrum). We located eight pairs of adjacent, similarly aged (∼60 yr) stands of planted red pine and naturally regenerated hardwood forests on previous agricultural fields. We found that the hardwood forests stored more C than pine stands (255 vs. 201 Mg C ha-1), with both storing substantially more than an adjacent area maintained as pasture (107 Mg C ha-1). The greater accumulation of C in the hardwood stands occurred mostly in living biomass. No significant differences for soil C (to 1 m depth) were found between forest types, despite significantly higher belowground inputs and aboveground litterfall in hardwood stands. Notably, both forest types had about 18% more soil C than the pasture, with O horizon C accounting for about one-third of the increase under trees. Forest type had no significant effect on estimated amount of exported C despite fairly large differences in projected end uses (solid wood products, land-fills, bioenergy). Using adjacent pasture as our baseline condition, we combined estimated on-site accumulation rates with estimates of exported C, and found that average total C sequestration rates were higher for hardwood (2.9 Mg C ha-1 yr-1) than red pine plots (2.3Mg C ha-1 yr-1). The modeled potential contribution of exported C to these sequestration rate estimates did not differ between species, but the fate of modeled post-harvest off-site C may exert a large influence on sequestration rate estimates depending on actual displacement actions, including product longevity. These results show that tree species selection has the potential to impact C sequestration rates but effects vary by ecosystem component and could not be predicted from previous species effects studies.

Keywords: Ecosystem carbon, Litterfall, Belowground, Productivity, Total belowground carbon flux

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Gahagan, Adam; Giardina, Christian P.; King, John S.; Binkley, Dan; Pregitzer, Kurt S.; Burton, Andrew J. 2015. Carbon fluxes, storage and harvest removals through 60 years of stand development in red pine plantations and mixed hardwood stands in Northern Michigan, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 337: 88-97.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.