Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.0 MB byte)

Title: Comparison of Nondestructive Testing Methods for Evaluating No. 2 Southern Pine Lumber: Part A, Modulus of Elasticity

Author: Yang, B.Z.; Seale, R.D.; Shmulsky, R.; Dahlen, J.; Wang, Xiping;

Date: 2015

Source: Wood and Fiber Science, Volume 47, Number 4, 2015; pp. 375-384.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Modulus of elasticity (MOE, or E) is one of the main quality indicators in structural lumber stress grading systems. Due to a relatively high amount of variability in contemporary sawn lumber, it is important that nondestructive evaluation technology be utilized to better discern high-E-value pieces from low-E-value pieces. The research described in this study is from a laboratory test of three nondestructive technologies applied to 343 pieces of visually graded No. 2 southern pine lumber collected across the southeast region of the United States. The evaluated technologies included continuous lumber test in continuous proof bending (Metriguard Model 7200 High Capacity Lumber Tester), transverse vibration (Metriguard E-Computer), and two stress wave tools (Falcon A-Grader and Carter Holt Harvey Director HM200). For each of the nondestructive techniques, results were compared with static E as determined by the four-point static bending tests following ASTM D198-14. In all cases, the nondestructive techniques successfully predicted E for all lumber sizes, with linear regression r2 values ranging from 0.77 to 0.86.

Keywords: Nondestructive evaluation, transverse vibration evaluation, longitudinal stress wave evaluation, high-capacity lumber tester, modulus of elasticity, machine-stress-rated lumber, machine-evaluated lumber

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Yang, B.Z.; Seale, R.D.; Shmulsky, R.; Dahlen, J.; Wang, X. 2015. Comparison of nondestructive testing methods for evaluating No. 2 Southern pine lumber: Part A, modulus of elasticity. Wood and Fiber Science. 47(4): 375-384.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.