Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (106.0 KB bytes)

Title: Political pressure: An examination of U S Senators actions in restricting Canadian softwood lumber imports

Author: Godwin, Joseph SRS; Zhang, Daowei;

Date: 2012

Source: Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Over the past 30 years the U.S.–Canadian softwood lumber trade dispute has resulted in three managed trade agreements that have not been voted on in the U.S. Congress. Nevertheless, U.S. Senators have played an important role in shaping the political environment that has nurtured these agreements. In this paper we construct a lumber influence index based on 14 known events between 2001 and 2006 and analyze what factors influenced a senator’s decision to publically call for restricting Canadian lumber imports and to adopt the 2006 Softwood Lumber Agreement. Our results show that the size of the wood products manufacturing industry in a state, campaign contributions, logrolling, and ideology played a significant role and that interest group politics is prevalent in this dispute.

Keywords: International Trade Tariffs Non Tariffs Barriers

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Godwin, Joseph; Zhang, Daowei 2012. Political pressure: An examination of U S Senators actions in restricting Canadian softwood lumber imports. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Vol. 60(2): 12 pages.: 263-274. 10.1111/j.1744-7976.2012.01247.x


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.