Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (324.0 KB bytes)

Title: Oak decline across the Ozark Highlands- from stand to landscape and regional scale processes

Author: Spetich, Marty; Fan, Zhaofei; He, Hong S.; Wang, Wen J.; Crosby, Michael K.; Shifley, Stephen R.;

Date: 2016

Source: In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.

Publication Series: Proceedings - Paper (PR-P)

   Note: This article is part of a larger document. View the larger document

Description: Oak decline has been a problem in forests of the Ozark Highlands (OzH) for decades. It has impacted upland oak-hickory forests, particularly species in the red oak group (Quercus section Lobatae) across the Ozark Highlands of Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma. The oak decline complex is often described in terms of predisposing factors, inciting factors, and contributing factors. Drought is a common inciting factor in oak decline, while advanced tree age is considered a predisposing factor, and opportunistic organisms such as armillaria root fungi and wood boring insects are believed to contribute to the decline and demise of formerly stressed trees. Declining trees are initially indicated by foliage wilt and browning followed by progressive branch dieback. If crown dieback continues, trees can die. In this paper we synthesize four of our key research studies on oak decline, examining the occurrence, distribution, and characteristics of oak decline as it has impacted the OzH across space and time. Long-term climate forecasts for this region indicate decreasing precipitation and warming temperatures. Consequently, periodic droughts such as the widespread 2012 U.S. drought are expected to increase in frequency and intensity, and thereby exacerbate oak decline on millions of hectares of aging oak forests. Results from our research indicate that regular monitoring of forest conditions; increasing the proportion of species in the white oak relative to the red oak group; judicious application of prescribed fire; periodic thinning to favor species in the white oak group; and proactive harvest of aging red oak species anticipated to be at increased risk of mortality are methods that can help forest managers mitigate oak decline.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Spetich, Martin A.; Fan, Zhaofei; He, Hong S.; Wang, Wen J.; Crosby, Michael K.; Shifley, Stephen R. 2016. Oak decline across the Ozark Highlands- from stand to landscape and regional scale processes. In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 641. P.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.