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Title: Wood Formation in Trees

Author: Mauriat, Melanie; Le Provost, Gregoire; Rozenberg, Phillippe; Delzon, Sylvain; Breda, Nathalie; Clair, Bruno; Coutand, Catherine; Domec, Jean-Christoph; Fourcaud, Thierry; Grima-Pettenati, Jacqueline; Herrera, Raul; Leple, Jean-Charles; Richet, Nicolas; Trontin, Jean-Francois; Plomion, Christophe;

Date: 2014

Source: Tree Biotechnology

Publication Series: Book Chapter

Description: Among the ecosystem services provided by forests, wood provisioning takes a central position. Wood and derived products have played a critical role in the evolution of human kind and demand for raw material is increasing in a foreseeable future. Wood is used for energy production, construction and a wide variety of products for which different properties are required. Anatomical, chemical and physical properties of wood are determined through a complex process called xylogenesis controlled by internal and external signals and occurring during the life of the tree. In this chapter we describe i / how wood is formed and ii / the different factors controlling this developmental process , with emphasis on the molecular machinery involved, iii / the functions of wood and iv / the biotechnology approaches developed to improve wood biomass production and properties genetically.

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Mauriat Melanie; Le Provost Gregoire; Rozenberg Philippe; Delzon Sylvain; Bréda Nathalie; Clair Bruno; Coutand Catherine; Domec, Jean-Christophe; Fourcaud, Thierry; Grima-Pettenati, Jacqueline; Herrera, Raul; Leple, Jean-Charles; Richet, Nicholas; Trontin, Jean-Francois; Plomion, Christophe  2014. Wood Formation in Trees. In Ramawat K.G., Mérillon J.P., Ahuja M.R. (eds) Tree Biotechnology, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA. 56-111. 56 p.

 


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