Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (717.0 KB bytes)

Title: Chemistry of venom alkaloids in some Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) species from Puerto Rico

Author: Jones, T.H.; Torres, J.A.; Spande, T.F.; Garraffo, H.M.; Blu, M.S.; Snelling, R.R.;

Date: 1996

Source: Journal of Chemical Ecology. 22(7):1221-1236

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: A number of 15-carbon alkaloids have been identified in venoma extracts of four Puerto Rican species of ants in the genus Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum). Workers of a species from El Verde produced the cis and trans isomers of 2-methyl-6-nonylpiperidine with the latter isomer predominating. The same compounds were identified in queens of a species from Rio Grande, hut in this species no alkaloids were detected in worker extracts. Workers of a Diplorhoptrum species collected on Mona Island produced primarily a trans-2-methyl-6-(Z-4-nonenyl)piperidine, 3, with smaller amounts of the cis isomer, whereas the major compound found in the queens of the same species on Mona Island was (5Z,9Z)-3-hexyl-5-methylindolizidine, identical with the alkaloid produced by queens of a species collected on Cabo Rojo. Surprisingly, workers of the Cabo Rojo species produced (5Z,9Z)- and (5E,9E)-3- hutyl-5-propylindolizidine (4 and 5, respectively) reported earlier as the 223AB indolizidines from skins of dendrobatid frogs. The possible significance of the qualitative and quantitative differences in the venom alkaloids synthesized by queens and workers is discussed as is the possibility that ants containing such alkaloids may serve as a dietary source for the skin alkaloids used by certain frogs in chemical defense.

Keywords: Venom, alkaloids, Solenopsis, Puerto Rico

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Jones, T.H.; Torres, J.A.; Spande, T.F.; Garraffo, H.M.; Blu, M.S.; Snelling, R.R. 1996. Chemistry of venom alkaloids in some Solenopsis (Diplorhoptrum) species from Puerto Rico. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 22(7):1221-1236.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.