Title: Bird-friendly recommendations for bottomland forests in the Carolinas: birds and people on common ground
Author: Brunswig, Norman; Richardson, Sharon; Johnson, Matthew; Heitkamp, Brandon;
Source: In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.
Publication Series: Proceedings - Paper (PR-P)
Description: Bottomland hardwood forests have suffered tremendous losses in the United States. Yet they support some of the densest breeding populations of imperiled migratory song birds in the eastern US, providing nesting habitat for 49 species, 32 of which share some Conservation Status. Traditional management for bottomland hardwood forests in the southeast has tended to rely on one of two strategieslarge scale clearcuts >50 acres, or no-cutting at all. As a conservation organization, Audubon and others have encouraged landowners, land trusts and conservation groups to seek the protection of bottomland
hardwood forests and prescribe a “no-cut” policy to allow the forest to mature to an old growth climax community. Bottomland hardwood forests provide habitat for 140-200 species that use different niches in the forest structure. There are priority birds that require small scale openings (Swainson’s warblers), some that that can tolerate thinning within the canopy (Prothonotary warblers), and some that cannot tolerate any disturbance (Red-eyed vireo). Audubon South Carolina set out to review available research in order to identify tolerance thresholds that could be incorporated into a forest management plan or conservation easement that would allow an alternative management regime, other than cut it all or cut nothing. A set of bird-friendly best management practices were identified to address the needs of the disturbance-dependent birds while not compromising the needs of the disturbance-tolerant species, and that allow some modest harvesting revenue. When these management practices are embedded at a landscape-scale where there are large tracts of nodisturbance, then the habitat needs of the entire suite of species can be addressed. Initial demonstration sites at Silver Bluff Audubon Center and Sanctuary in Jackson, SC successfully attracted the birds of interest. One year after three small clear cuts (1, 3, 5 acres) were logged within a 90-acre stand, the habitat now has shrubby thickets and sightings of Swainson’s Warblers have been confirmed.
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
- You may send email to email@example.com to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly
which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)
XML: View XML
Brunswig, Norman; Richardson, Sharon; Johnson, Matthew; Heitkamp, Brandon 2016. Bird-friendly recommendations for bottomland forests in the Carolinas: birds and people on common ground. In: Proceedings of the 18th biennial southern silvicultural research conference. e–Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS–212. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 8 p.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility