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Title: Cradle to Gate Life Cycle Assessment of North American Cellulosic Fiberboard Production

Author: Puettmann, Maureen; Bergman, Richard; Oneil, Elaine;

Date: 2016

Source: CORRIM Final Report. University of Washington. Seattle, WA. January 2016. 66 p.

Publication Series: Miscellaneous

Description: All consumer products have an environmental footprint. Quantifying that footprint has become more common with the advent of Environmental Preferential Purchasing (EPP), an emergent world-wide phenomenon. The forest products industry in particular has been challenged regarding its environmental sustainability. The greatest challenges with respect to practices center on the extraction of forest resources with questions about product environmental performance focused on uses, longevity and final disposal. In addition forest land owners and product manufacturers are facing increased environmental regulations and competition in the marketplace. The forest sector as a whole is challenged with re-thinking how they grow, manage, and manufacture products to efficiently meet expectations set forth by environmental regulations, government policies, and the public.

To meet the challenges of the EPP framework, the American Wood Council (AWC) commissioned the Consortium for Research on Renewable Industrial Materials (CORRIM) to produce a cradle to gate (CtG) life-cycle assessment of North American cellulosic fiberboard and an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) based on the LCA. CORRIM ( has derived life-cycle inventory (LCI) data for major wood products and wood production regions in the United States (US). The LCI data covers forest regeneration through to final product at the mill gate. Research has covered nine major forest products including both structural and nonstructural uses and four major US regions including the Pacific Northwest (PNW), Southeast (SE), Inland West, and Northeast/North Central (NE-NC). Comparable data for Canadian wood products and regions has been produced by the ATHENA Sustainable Materials Institute ( and FPInnovations (

This report focuses on the average North American production of cellulosic fiberboard and utilizes underlying data from both CORRIM and ATHENA. This document is based on the life cycle inventory (LCI) report for cellulosic fiberboard by Bergman (2015). It uses the Bergman (2015) LCI data as the basis for conducting a life-cycle impact assessment (LCIA) using the TRACI method (Bare et al. 2011). This report follows data and reporting requirements as outlined in the Product Category Rules (PCR) for North American Structural and Architectural Wood Products (FPInnovations 2015) that will provide the guidance for preparation of North American Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) for cellulosic fiberboard. This report does not include comparative assertions. Some processes have been updated since the publication the original LCI report (Bergman 2015) and they are noted by date in Table 9 of this report. This reports LCIA results for both mass and economic allocation for the production of 1 cubic of meter of uncoated cellulosic fiberboard.

Keywords: LCA, fiberboard, wet process, environmental impacts, life-cycle assessment, environmental product declaration

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Puettmann, Maureen; Bergman, Richard; Oneil, Elaine. 2016. Cradle to gate life cycle assessment of North American cellulosic fiberboard production. CORRIM Final Report. University of Washington. Seattle, WA. January. 66 pp.


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