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Title: Meeting forest restoration challenges: Using the Target Plant Concept

Author: Dumroese, Kas; Landis, Thomas D.; Pinto, Jeremy; Haase, Diane L.; Wilkinson, Kim W.; Davis, Anthony S.;

Date: 2016

Source: Reforesta. 1: 37-52.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)


Meeting forest restoration challenges relies on successful establishment of plant materials (e.g., seeds, cuttings, rooted cuttings, or seedlings, etc.; hereafter simply "seedlings"). The Target Plant Concept (TPC) provides a flexible framework that nursery managers and their clients can use to improve the survival and growth of these seedlings. The key tenets of the TPC are that (1) more emphasis is placed on how seedlings perform on the outplanting site rather than on nursery performance, (2) a partnership exists between the nursery manager and the client to determine the target plant based on site characteristics, and (3) that information gleaned from post-planting monitoring is used to improve subsequent plant materials. Through the nursery manager-client partnership, answers to a matrix of interrelated questions define a target plant to meet the reforestation or forest restoration objectives. These questions focus on project objectives; site characteristics, limiting factors, and possible mitigation efforts; species and genetic criteria; stocktype; outplanting tools and techniques; and outplanting window. We provide examples from the southeastern United States, Hawai'i, and Lebanon on how the TPC process has improved performance of seedlings deployed for reforestation and forest restoration.

Keywords: monitoring, nursery, outplanting, reforestation, seedling quality, stocktype

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Dumroese, R. Kasten; Landis, Thomas D.; Pinto, Jeremiah R.; Haase, Diane L.; Wilkinson, Kim W.; Davis, Anthony S. 2016. Meeting forest restoration challenges: Using the Target Plant Concept. Reforesta. 1: 37-52.


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