Title: SNP discovery in candidate adaptive genes using exon capture in a free-ranging alpine ungulate
Author: Roffler, Gretchen H.; Amish, Stephen J.; Smith, Seth; Cosart, Ted; Kardos, Marty; Schwartz, Michael K.; Luikart, Gordon;
Source: Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 1147-1164.
Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)
Description: Identification of genes underlying genomic signatures of natural selection is key to understanding adaptation to local conditions. We used targeted resequencing to identify SNP markers in 5321 candidate adaptive genes associated with known immunological, metabolic and growth functions in ovids and other ungulates. We selectively targeted 8161 exons in protein-coding and nearby 50 and 30 untranslated regions of chosen candidate genes. Targeted sequences were taken from bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) exon capture data and directly from the domestic sheep genome (Ovis aries v. 3; oviAri3). The bighorn sheep sequences used in the Dall’s sheep (Ovis dalli dalli) exon capture aligned to 2350 genes on the oviAri3 genome with an average of 2 exons each. We developed a microfluidic qPCR-based SNP chip to genotype 476 Dall’s sheep from locations across their range and test for patterns of selection. Using multiple corroborating approaches (LOSITAN and BAYESCAN), we detected 28 SNP loci potentially under selection. We additionally identified candidate loci significantly associated with latitude, longitude, precipitation and temperature, suggesting local environmental adaptation. The three methods demonstrated consistent support for natural selection on nine genes with immune and disease-regulating functions (e.g. Ovar-DRA, APC, BATF2, MAGEB18), cell regulation signalling pathways (e.g. KRIT1, PI3K, ORRC3), and respiratory health (CYSLTR1). Characterizing adaptive allele distributions from novel genetic techniques will facilitate investigation of the influence of environmental variation on local adaptation of a northern alpine ungulate throughout its range. This research demonstrated the utility of exon capture for gene-targeted SNP discovery and subsequent SNP chip genotyping using low-quality samples in a nonmodel species.
Keywords: candidate genes, exon capture, next-generation sequencing, Ovis dalli dalli, population genomics, SNP chip
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Roffler, Gretchen H.; Amish, Stephen J.; Smith, Seth; Cosart, Ted; Kardos, Marty; Schwartz, Michael K.; Luikart, Gordon. 2016. SNP discovery in candidate adaptive genes using exon capture in a free-ranging alpine ungulate. Molecular Ecology Resources 16: 1147-1164.
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