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Publication Information

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Title: The interplay of governance, power and citizen participation in community tourism planning

Author: Jordan, E.J.; Vogt, C.A.; Kruger, Linda; Grewe, N.;

Date: 2013

Source: Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: This research examines a unique case of tourism planning and explores the relationships between governance, power, and citizen participation in community decision-making. In less than two years, the community of Sitka, Alaska, undertook two separate tourism-planning processes in response to proposed tourism development. The first plan followed a participant-led governance structure; the second plan a council-led governance structure. The participant-led governance structure produced a plan through a collaborative process that empowered citizen participants and sought to limit growth, while the council-led structure utilized an external consultant and produced a more pro-growth plan that downplayed citizen concern for maintaining quality of life. The council-led plan was adopted as the guiding document for the community. Ultimately, the power over plan adoption and implementation lay in the hands of the local government, creating a stressful community environment for many involved in both planning processes. Evidence of the advantages and disadvantages of citizen participation in each planning process is presented.

Keywords: social and community change, tourism industry stakeholders, collaboration, sustainability, case study

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Jordan, E.J.; Vogt, C.A.; Kruger, L.E.; Grewe, N. 2013. The interplay of governance, power and citizen participation in community tourism planning. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events, Vol. 5(3): 19 pages.: 270-288.


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