Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (72.0 KB bytes)

Title: Social sciences in Puget Sound recovery

Author: Wellman, Katharine F.; Biedenweg, Kelly; Wolf, Kathleen;

Date: 2014

Source: Coastal Management. 42(4): 298-307.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description: Advancing the recovery of large-scale ecosystems, such as the Puget Sound inWashington State, requires improved knowledge of the interdependencies between nature and humans in that basin region. As Biedenweg et al. (this issue) illustrate, human wellbeing and human behavior do not occur independently of the biophysical environment. Natural environments contribute to human wellbeing through ecosystem services and humans influence natural environments through their behaviors. Historically, however, conservation and the recovery of degraded natural systems has been the purview of natural scientists (Fox et al. 2006). In the past decade, there has been growing acknowledgment among biologists, policymakers, and funders that the gap between biophysical and social sciences must be bridged (Nylus et al. 2002; Cheng, Kruger, and Daniels 2003; Lowe, Whitman, and Phillipson 2009). The success of recovery actions taken to date are increasingly understood to be limited in their effectiveness, in part, because social scientists have not systematically been included in problem identification (e.g., what threatens the health of ecosystems) and development of accompanying solution sets (priority ecosystem recovery strategies and actions) (Mascia 2003). It is thus clear that the recovery of large-scale ecosystems requires the integration of social and biophysical scientists to better understand drivers of change and tradeoffs among strategic opportunities.

Keywords: Ecosystem recovery, socio-ecological systems, coupled human natural systems, marine, shoreline.

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Wellman, Katharine F.; Biedenweg, Kelly; Wolf, Kathleen 2014. Social sciences in Puget Sound recovery. Coastal Management. 42(4): 298-307.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.