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Title: Homogenizing and diversifying effects of intensive agricultural land-use on plant species beta diversity in Central Europe - A call to adapt our conservation measures

Author: Buhk, Constanze; Alt, Martin; Steinbauer, Manuel J.; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Warren, Steve; Jentsch, Anke;

Date: 2017

Source: Science of the Total Environment. 576: 225-233.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)

Description:

The prevention of biodiversity loss in agricultural landscapes to protect ecosystem stability and functions is of major importance to stabilize overall diversity. Intense agriculture leads to a loss in species richness and homogenization of species pools, but the processes behind are poorly understood due to a lack of systematic case studies: The specific impacts by agriculture in contrast to other land-use creating open habitat are not studied as such landscapes hardly exist in temperate regions. Applying systematic grids, we compared the plant species distribution at the landscape scale between an active military training areas in Europe and an adjacent rather intensively used agricultural landscape. As the study areas differ mainly in the type of disturbance regime (agricultural vs. non-agricultural), differences in species pattern can be traced back more or less directly to the management. Species trait analyses and multiple measures of beta diversity were applied to differentiate between species similarities between plots, distance-decay, or nestedness.

Keywords: biotic homogenization, conservation, dissimilarity, distance-decay, intense agricultural land-use, landscape eutrophication

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

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Buhk, Constanze; Alt, Martin; Steinbauer, Manuel J.; Beierkuhnlein, Carl; Warren, Steven D.; Jentsch, Anke. 2017. Homogenizing and diversifying effects of intensive agricultural land-use on plant species beta diversity in Central Europe - A call to adapt our conservation measures. Science of the Total Environment. 576: 225-233.

 


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