Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service

Research & Development Treesearch

Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help - We Participate  Government Made Easy

Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (930.0 KB bytes)

Title: Lumber volume and value recovery from small-diameter black cherry, sugar maple, and red oak logs

Author: Wiedenbeck, Jan; Scholl, Matthew; Blankenhorn, Paul; Ray, Chuck.;

Date: 2017

Source: Bioresources. 12(1): 853-870.

Publication Series: Scientific Journal (JRNL)


While only a very small percentage of hardwood logs sawn by conventional sawmills in the U.S. have small-end diameters less than 10 in, portable and scragg mills often saw smaller logs. With the closure of regionally important oriented strand board and pulpwood operations, small-diameter logs are considered to have no value in some markets. This study was conducted to assess the volume and value of lumber produced from small-diameter hardwood logs of three important commercial species: red oak, sugar maple and black cherry. Value assessments included determining yields for both green and kiln-dried lumber subjected to different dry kiln schedules. Volume and grade recovery from these small-diameter logs were lower than prior studies suggested. The value of recovered lumber per ft3 of log volume was not found to be affected by log small-end diameter class for black cherry and red oak, but the value was significantly affected for sugar maple. The loss in lumber value that was attributed to kiln-dried based grade changes was greatest for red oak and least for sugar maple. For red oak, the modified dry kiln schedule did not affect the lumber value. For black cherry and sugar maple, there were kiln-schedule based differences in the value of the dry lumber recovered.

Keywords: small-diameter hardwoods, lumber recovery, log grade, lumber grade, value

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • This publication may be available in hard copy. Check the Northern Research Station web site to request a printed copy of this publication.
  • Our on-line publications are scanned and captured using Adobe Acrobat. During the capture process some typographical errors may occur. Please contact Sharon Hobrla, if you notice any errors which make this publication unusable.



Wiedenbeck, Jan; Scholl, Matthew; Blankenhorn, Paul; Ray, Chuck. 2017. Lumber volume and value recovery from small-diameter black cherry, sugar maple, and red oak logs. Bioresources. 12(1): 853-870.


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.