Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (1.5 MB bytes)

Title: Nantucket Pine Tip Moth Phenology and Timing of Insecticide Spray Applications in the Western Gulf Region

Author: Fettig, Christopher J.; Nowak, John T.; Grosman, Donald M.; Berisford, C. Wayne;

Date: 2003

Source: Res. Pap. SRS-0­32. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13 p.

Publication Series: Research Paper (RP)

Description: The Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana (Comstock) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a common pest of pine plantations throughout the Southern United States. The objectives of this study were to predict the phenology of R. frustrana populations throughout the Western Gulf region, and to provide optimal spray periods for locations that have three or four generations annually. The thermal requirements necessary to complete a generation were obtained from published data, and used in conjuction with historical temperature data to model phenology throughout the region. Four generations were predicted to occur annually throughout many of the pine producing regions of Louisiana, northeastern Texas, and southern Arkansas. Three generations were predicted for the Ozark and Ouachita Mountain ranges in Arkansas. Five generations were predicted for extreme southern portions of Louisiana and throughout southeastern Texas. Spray timing prediction values were also obtained from published data and used to predict optimal spray periods based on 5-day increments for each location where either three or four generations occurred. Tables containing the predicted optimal spray dates are provided for numerous locations within each state. Validations were conducted in Lousiana and east Texas to determine the effectiveness of this technique to achieve adequate spray timing. There was 57 percent agreement between the optimal spray periods and field-determined spray dates based on insecticide efficacy studies. Land managers who use contact insecticides, such as pyrethroids, can use these data for optimizing spray effectiveness within the Western Gulf region.

This paper serves as a companion to a previously published work for the Southeastern United States (Fettig and others 2000a), and thus completes phenology and optimal spray period descriptions for R. frustrana throughout the Southern United States.

Keywords: Chemical control, Nantucket pine tip moth, phenology, Rhyacionia frustrana, spray timing

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Fettig, Christopher J.; Nowak, John T.; Grosman, Donald M.; Berisford, C. Wayne 2003. Nantucket Pine Tip Moth Phenology and Timing of Insecticide Spray Applications in the Western Gulf Region. Res. Pap. SRS-0­32. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 13 p.

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.