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Title: How to estimate recoverable heat energy in wood or bark fuels
Author: Ince, P. J.;
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL–GTR–29. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory:  p. ; 27 cm.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: A reference source is provided for estimating the amount of heat energy that may be recovered using wood or bark fuel in typical furnace and boiler or hot air combustion heat recovery systems. A survey of reported data on higher heating values for various species of wood and bark fuels is provided. A set of formulas of a type commonly used by combustion technologists is also provided for estimating combustion system heat losses and net recoverable heat energy per pound of fuel as-fired, based on fuel higher heating value, moisture content, and excess air stack gas temperature, and ambient temperature assumptions.
Keywords: Biomass, species, moisture content, estimation, fuel value, wood as fuel, bark as fuel, heat recovery
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Ince, P. J. 1979. How to estimate recoverable heat energy in wood or bark fuels. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL–GTR–29. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory:  p. ; 27 cm.
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