Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (266 KB bytes)

Title: Interspecific Variation in Host-Finding Cues of Parasitoids of the Southern Pine Beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae)

Author: Sullivan, Brian T.; Dalusky, Mark J.; Berisford, C. Wayne;

Date: 2003

Source: J. Entomol. Sci. 38(4): 631-643 (October 2003)

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: Experiments were performed with host-associated olfactory attractants of the larval parasitoids of the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann, to elucidate both their biological origin and their chemical composition. Sticky-screen traps were erected in an active D. frontalis infestation and baited with parts of D. frontalis-infested loblolly pines (Pinus taeda L.) or their extracts. The diversity of parasitoid species landing on trees infested with larval D. frontalis was substantially greater than that attracted to traps baited with wood and bark taken from similar, infested trees. Females of four parasitoid species, Spathius pallidus (Ashmead), Roptrocerus xylophagorum (Ratzeburg), Dinotiscus dendroctoni (Ashmead), and Eurytoma tomici Ashmead, were attracted to bark infested with D. frontalis larvae. Two of these species, R. xylophagorum and S. pallidus, were attracted to debarked wood from host-infested trees although this tissue was free of hosts and host frass. Spathius pallidus were more attracted to the excised bark (containing D. frontalis larvae and frass) than the debarked wood from D. frontalis-infested pine bolts, while R. xylophagorum were attracted in similar numbers to both materials. When traps were baited with steam/water-distilled extracts of D. frontalis-infested bark, R. xylophagorum strongly preferred extracts from bark containing early in star larvae over extracts from bark infested with either younger (egg-stage) or older (late-instar larval and pupal) brood. In contrast, S. pallidus responded significantly only to extracts of late larval/pupal bark. Coupled gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC-MS) analyses of the bark extracts revealed that the concentrations of numerous extract constituents correlated positively with trap catch of S. pallidus, but no such relationships were identified for R. xylophagorum. These data provide further evidence that members of the parasitoid complex associated with D. frontalis differ in their strategies for locating trees infested with susceptible hosts.

Keywords: Scolytidae, Dendroctonus frontalis, parasitoids, Pteromalidae, Braconidae, host location, semiochemicals, pine

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
  • You may send email to pubrequest@fs.fed.us to request a hard copy of this publication. (Please specify exactly which publication you are requesting and your mailing address.)

XML: View XML

Citation:


Sullivan, Brian T.; Dalusky, Mark J.; Berisford, C. Wayne 2003. Interspecific Variation in Host-Finding Cues of Parasitoids of the Southern Pine Beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). J. Entomol. Sci. 38(4): 631-643 (October 2003)

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.