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Title: Historical variability in ecosystem management

Author: Millar, C.I.; Woolfenden, W.B.;

Date: 2000

Source: Past Global Changes 8(3): 2-4

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: As frontiers closed in North America’swildlands during the late 20th Century,ecosystem management emerged as theguiding principle for many public landmanagingagencies. Mandates shiftedfrom emphasis on resource extraction(timber, water, minerals) to ecosystemprotection, and the concept of ecologicalsustainability became central. Themission statements of the U.S. ForestService, Bureau of Land Management,U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serivce, and U.S.National Park Service, for example,herald ecosystem sustainability – maintainingcomposition, structure, and processof a system – as key policy goals.Similarly, many conservation programsand non-governmental organizationssuch as The Nature Conservancy andThe Wilderness Society embrace sustainabilityas a scientifi c foundation toconservation planning

Keywords: ecosystem management, conservation planning

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.



Millar, C.I.; Woolfenden, W.B. 2000. Historical variability in ecosystem management. Past Global Changes 8(3): 2-4.


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