You are here: Home
/ Publication Information
Title: Thermally stratified pools and their use by steelhead in northern California streams
Author: Nielsen, Jennifer L.; Lisle, Thomas E.; Ozaki, Vicki;
Source: Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 613-626.
Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication
Description: Abstract - Thermal stratification occurred in pools of three rivers in northern California when inflow of cold water was sufficiently great or currents were sufficiently weak to prevent thorough mixing of water of contrasting temperatures. Surface water temperatures in such pools were commonly 3-9°C higher than those at the bottom. Cold water entered pools from tributaries, intergravel flow through river bars, and streamside subsurface sources. In Redwood and Rancheria Creeks, cold water was protected where gravel bars encroached into pools that were scoured along bedrock banks, creating isolated backwaters. Sixty-five percent of the juvenile steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss found in the Rancheria Creek study reaches moved into adjacent stratified pools during periods of high ambient stream temperatures (23-28°C).
Keywords: PSW4351, pools, steelhead, streams, California, Oncorhynchus mykiss, thermal statrification, sediment, stream temperatures
- We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
- This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
XML: View XML
Nielsen, Jennifer L.; Lisle, Thomas E.; Ozaki, Vicki 1994. Thermally stratified pools and their use by steelhead in northern California streams. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 123: 613-626.
Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility