Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (535 KB bytes)

Title: Lightweight, high-opacity Bible paper by fiber loading

Author: Doelle, Klaus; Heise, Oliver; Klungness, John H.; AbuBakr, Said M.;

Date: 2000

Source: Proceedings of the Specialty & Technical Papers Europe 2000 Conference : June 21-23, 2000, Berlin, Germany. Portland, ME : Intertech, 2000: [15] Pages

Publication Series: Miscellaneous Publication

Description: This paper has been prepared in order to discuss Fiber Loading™ for lightweight, high-opacity bible paper. Incorporating fillers within pulp fibers has been subject to research since 1960 (Green et al. 1962, Scallan et al. 1985, Allen et al. 1992). Fiber Loading™ is a method for manufacturing precipitated calcium carbonate (PCC) directly within the pulp processing system. The Fiber Loading™ process results in fiber loaded precipitated calcium carbonate (FLPCC™) being partly deposited both within the fiber on the fiber walls and in between the fibers, targeting replacement of cellulose fibers, due to the fact that fillers are normally cheaper than the cellulose fibers. The Fiber Loading™ process results in potential raw material and energy savings for the papermaker. In addition, there are potential increases in both the physical and optical paper properties, as well as increasing the environmental savings by reducing free solids in the paparmaking process water stream. A major drawback of using commercial, PCC filler in making paper is that a high proportion of filler-to-fiber in the sheet impairs the strength of paper. Therefore, papermakers utilize relatively low maximum filler-to-fiber ratio to maintain sheet properties. Fiber Loading™ bonds some of the FLPCC™ directly to the fiber and other is contained within the fiber. This allows the maximum filler-to-fiber ratio to be increased without sacrificing sheet properties. Fiber Loading™ is particularly suited for Bible paper applications where high physical and optical paper properties are needed by applying high filler levels at the same time.

Keywords: Bible paper, papermaking, fiber loading, lightweight paper, high-opacity paper

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Doelle, Klaus; Heise, Oliver; Klungness, John H.; AbuBakr, Said M. 2000. Lightweight, high-opacity Bible paper by fiber loading. Proceedings of the Specialty & Technical Papers Europe 2000 Conference : June 21-23, 2000, Berlin, Germany. Portland, ME : Intertech, 2000: [15] Pages

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.