Skip to page content
USDA Forest Service
  
Treesearch

Research & Development Treesearch

 
Treesearch Home
About Treesearch
Contact Us
Research & Development
Forest Products Lab
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
Northern
Pacific Northwest
Pacific Southwest
Rocky Mountain
Southern Research Station
Help
 

Science.gov - We Participate


USA.gov  Government Made Easy


Global Forest Information Service

US Forest Service
P.O. Box 96090
Washington, D.C.
20090-6090

(202) 205-8333

You are here: Home / Search / Publication Information
Bookmark and Share

Publication Information

View PDF (274 KB bytes)

Title: Composite panels made with biofiber or office wastepaper bonded with thermoplastic and/or thermosetting resin

Author: Muehl, James H.; Krzysik, Andrzej M.; Chow, Poo;

Date: 2004

Source: Res. Note FPL-RN-0294. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 6 pages

Publication Series: Research Note (RN)

Description: The purpose of this study was to evaluate two groups of composite panels made from two types of underutilized natural fiber sources, kenaf bast fiber and office wastepaper, for their suitability in composite panels. All panels were made with 5% thermosetting phenol-formaldehyde (PF) resin and 1.5% wax. Also, an additional 10% polypropylene (PP) thermoplastic resin was used in half the panels. The PP was added to determine the effect it had on the mechanical and physical properties of the panels. The resin and wax were applied with a pneumatic spray gun while tumbling the fiber in a rotary blender. All fibers were formed into nonwoven air-laid mats and compression molded into 356- by 356-mm (14- by 14-in.) composite panels, cut into test specimens, and tested for mechanical and physical properties. All mechanical property values were below the minimum standard established by the American Hardboard Association for medium-density fiberboard and particleboard (AHA 1995). However, composites with PP had more short term moisture resistance than did composites without PP. The poor mechanical test results were probably due to the PF resin being absorbed into the fiber rather than remaining on the fiber surface, insufficient cure of PF, and interference of the PP when used with the PF resin.

Keywords: Kenaf, office wastepaper, polypropylene, phenolic

Publication Notes:

  • We recommend that you also print this page and attach it to the printout of the article, to retain the full citation information.
  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.

XML: View XML

Citation:


Muehl, James H.; Krzysik, Andrzej M.; Chow, Poo 2004. Composite panels made with biofiber or office wastepaper bonded with thermoplastic and/or thermosetting resin. Res. Note FPL-RN-0294. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 6 pages

 


 [ Get Acrobat ]  Get the latest version of the Adobe Acrobat reader or Acrobat Reader for Windows with Search and Accessibility

USDA logo which links to the department's national site. Forest Service logo which links to the agency's national site.