Title: Evolution of allowable stresses in shear for lumber
Author: Ethington, Robert L.; Galligan, William L.; Montrey, Henry M.; Freas, Alan D.;
Source: Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-23. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 16 p.
Publication Series: General Technical Report (GTR)
Description: This paper surveys research leading to allowable shear stress parallel to grain for lumber. In early flexure tests of lumber, some pieces failed in shear. The estimated shear stress at time of failure was generally lower than shear strength measured on small, clear, straight-grained specimens. This and other engineering observations gave rise to adjustments that underwent some evolution not well described in the literature. Some anomalies which developed are discussed; an error is shown to have prevailed in the concept of a split beam for about 20 years. Some recent research done in Canada shows particular promise for describing the load capacity of checked beams that will fail in shear. This paper should provide helpful background for engineering groups charged with improving allowable property assignments for lumber and other wood products.
Keywords: Lumber, failure, shear, strength, design, stress grading, strength of wood, strains and stresses, wood, testing
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Ethington, Robert L.; Galligan, William L.; Montrey, Henry M.; Freas, Alan D. 1979. Evolution of allowable stresses in shear for lumber. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-23. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 16 p.
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