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Publication Information

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Title: Defects in hardwood timber

Author: Carpenter, Roswell D.; Sonderman, David L.; Rast, Everette D.; Jones, Martin J.;

Date: 1989

Source: Agric. Handb. 678. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 88 p.

Publication Series: Other

Description: Includes detailed information on all common defects that may aRect hardwood trees and logs. Relationships between manufactured products and those forms of round material to be processed from the tree for conversion into marketable products are discussed. This handbook supersedes Agriculture Handbook No. 244, Grade defects in hardwood timber and logs, by C.R. Lockard, J.A. Putnam, and R.D. Carpenter, 1963.

Keywords: hardwood timber, timber quality, defects, scalable defects, grade defects, tree grades, log grades, stand evaluation

Publication Notes:

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  • This article was written and prepared by U.S. Government employees on official time, and is therefore in the public domain.
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Carpenter, Roswell D.; Sonderman , David L.; Rast, Everette D.; Jones, Martin J. 1989. Defects in hardwood timber. Agric. Handb. 678. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture. 88 p.


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